The archangels are in the hierarchie above the angels. Their functions are nobler and there are closer to God.
Definition: Archangels The name given to the incorporeal beings of the third circle (Eighth Hierarchy), according to Dionysius the Areopagite (see Angel), the beings of the sphere of Mercury. The Archangels are said to guide the spiritual destiny of groups of people, of nations, rather than individuals (which is the role of angels); this probably explains why the Archangels are often pictured as carrying formalized models of cities in their arms.
In Judaism and Christianity, the most important are the seven archangels each of whom is assigned one of the seven spheres of heaven: Gabriel, Raphael, Michael, Uriel, Joophiel, Zadkiel and Samael (Satan).
The Archangel Michael, whose name means 'who is as God', is generally considered to be the foremost of the seven archangels and the leader of the Host of Heaven. He derives originally from the Chaldeans by who he was worshiped as something of a god. He is the chief of the order of virtues, Prince of the presence, angel of repentance, righteousness, mercy and sanctification: also ruler of the 4th Heaven, tutelary sar (angelic prince). According to the Book of Daniel, Michael is one of the chief princes' and the one responsible for the defense of the nation of Israel which makes him at least of the higher order of principalities. He is also described as the leader of the forces of heaven in their triumph over Satan and his followers. According to the Book of Revelations, Michael and his angels' are described as fighting the dragon and his angels. Hence Michael is often shown fighting or overcoming a dragon armed with spear or sword as God's Warrior.
St. Michael has been invoked as patron and protector by the Church from the time of the Apostles. The Eastern Rite and many others place him over all the angels, as Prince of the Seraphim. St. Michael is the patron of grocers, mariners, paratroopers, police and sickness.
The Archangel Gabriel, whose name means 'God is my strength', was an important figure in the Bible, and appears first in the Book of Daniel (chapters 8 and 9) as a messenger and revealer announced the prophecy of 70 weeks (Dn 9:21-27). Gabriel explained to Daniel his vision of a ram and a billy-goat foretelling Alexander the Great's conquest of Persia and a prophecy foretelling the freeing of the Israelites. In both these cases the archangel is mentioned by name but it has also been suggested that Gabriel is the angel who wrestles with Jacob in the form of a man and that he was involved in the destruction of Sodom and Gommorah. Enoch says that Gabriel was sent to destroy the giant children of the fallen 'watchers' and did so by turning them against each other In 'Paradise Lost'.
In the New Testament he appeared to Zechariah to announce the birth of St. John the Baptist (Lk 1:11). It was also Gabriel which proclaimed the Annunciation of Mary to be the mother of Jesus (Lk 1:26). In the Book of Enoch, part of the pseudepigrapha, he is one of the seven archangels who stand close to God. Later Christian tradition made him the trumpeter of the Last Judgment. A popular figure in art, Gabriel is often pictured appearing to Mary or with trumpet raised. In Islam he is Jibril, the principal of many tales, who revealed the Koran to Muhammad.
St. Gabriel is the patron of communications workers.
In Hebrew this means 'God Heals'. The angel Raphael first appeared in the apocryphal Book of Tobit (Tobias) Tb 3:25, 5:5-28, 6-12. He appears as the companion and guide of young Tobiasto whom he eventually reveals himself saying: 'I am the Angel Raphael, one of the seven who stand before the throne of God.' (Tb 12:15). In the Book of Euoch he is the guide to Sheol, the Judaic underworld and it was he who was sent to bind the fallen 'watcher' Azazel, burying him under rocks in a desert place on earth. Raphael is not named in the canonical books.
Raphael's name means 'God heals'. This identity came about because of the biblical story which claims that he 'healed' the earth when it was defiled by the sins of the fallen angels in the apocryphal book of Enoch. Raphael is also identified as the angel who moved the waters of the healing sheep pool. He is also the patron of the blind, of happy meetings, of nurses, of physicians and of travelers.
One of the leading angels in noncanonical lore, and ranked variously as a seraph, cherub, regent of the sun, flame of God, angel of the presence. Presided over Tartarus (Hades), archangel of salvation. In the latter work he acts as heavenly interpreter of Ezra's visions. In Enoch I, he is the angel who 'watches over thunder and terror.' In The Book of Adam and Eve he presides over repentance. Uriel 'is supposed to be the spirit who stood at the gate of the lost Eden with the fiery sword.' The Book of Adam and Eve designates him as this spirit. He is invoked in some of the ancient litanies. He has been identified as one of the angels who helped bury Adam and Abel in Paradise. He is known as the dark angel who wrestled with Jacob at Peniel; as the destroyer of the hosts of Sennacherib ; as the messenger sent by God to Noah to warn him of the impending deluge, all of which feats or missions have been credited to other angels, as elsewhere noted. In the view of Louis Ginzberg, the 'prince of lights' in The Manual of Discipline refers to Uriel. In addition, Uriel is said to have disclosed the mysteries of the heavenly arcana to Ezra; interpreted prophecies, and led Abraham out of Ur. In later Judaism we find Uriel instead of Phanuel' as one of the 4 angels of the presence. Uriel is also the angel of the month of September and may be invoked ritually by those born in that month. The Magus claims that alchemy 'which is of divine origin' was brought down to earth by Uriel, and that it was Uriel who gave the cabala to man, although this 'key to the mystical interpretation of Scripture' is also said to have been the gift of Metatron. Milton, in Paradise Lost, describes Uriel as 'Regent of the Sun' and the 'sharpest sighted spirit of all in Heaven'
Other archangels and its functions
Archangel Camael: One of the 7 Archangels who attend the throne of God, as stated in Enoch I. He is described as 'one of the holy angels whom God has set over those who rise'. He is the same angel who, in the apocalypse of Baruch, destroys the army of Sennacherib.
Archangel Raguel: One of the 7 Archangels listed in the Enoch writings. Raguel is an angel of earth, a guard of the 2nd (or 4th) Heaven. He 'takes vengeance on the world of luminaries,' which is interpreted to mean that, for cause, he brings other angels to account.
Archangel Saraqael: The prince of ministering angels, officiating when these angels convene at judgment councils. Although Saraqael usually appears as a holy angel, he is sometimes mentioned as one who has fallen from grace. He has even been known as the angel of death.
Holidays in honour of archangel Michael
St. Michael, the Archangel
Feastday: September 29
First defender of Jesus Christ in his Sacred Humanity and of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Mystery of the Incarnation. Associated with the miracles manifesting the almighty power of God with the Blessed Virgin Mary . ( Daniel 10:12 ; 12:1 ; Apoc. 12:7 )
Patron of grocers, mariners, paratroopers, police, and sickness
Regardless of which major faith's angelic beings is being followed, Michael ranks as the highest of the host. With Gabriel, Michael is the only angel mentioned in the Bible. In the Aggadah, he is seen as the guardian of Israel. He is the head of all the great warring angels who do battle against evil. Michael is often depicted as winged and with unsheathed sword. In the Renaissance period, he is shown as young, strong, and handsome, wearing a splendid coat of mail and equipped with sword, shield and spear. His wings are generally conspicuous and very grand. He usually holds in his hand the scales of justice.
In Muslim lore, Michael's wings are said to be 'the color of green emerald,' and he is covered with 'Saffron hairs, each of them containing a million faces and mouths and as many tongues which, in a million dialects, implore the pardon of Allah.'
The name Michael signifies 'Who is like to God?' and was the war cry of the angels in the battle fought in heaven against Satan and his followers. Holy Scripture describes St. Michael as 'one of the chief princes,' and as leader of the forces of heaven in their triumph over the powers of hell. He has been especially honored and invoked as patron and protector by the Church from the time of the Apostles. Although he is always called 'the Archangel,' the Greek Fathers and many others place him over all the Angels - as Prince of the Seraphim.
Michael is the protection Archangel, patron of policemen and bringer of the gift of patience. Angel of careers, courage, achievements, ambitions, motivation, and life tasks. He is the great prince charged to defend the people.
Legend tells that the Cherubim were formed from the tears Michael shed over the sins of the faithful. God has created the Archangel Michael and put him in charge of nature, rain, snow, thunder, lightning, wind, and clouds. God has appointed a complete creation of angels to assist him and placed them under his command. These angels are countless and no-one other than God knows their number. God has given Michael power to see the entire span of the created universes at once, with no interference of other universes. He knows at all times where he has to send rain, wind, snow, and clouds without effort on his part. The angels who assist him range in size from the hugest size imaginable to man to that of the smallest species living on this earth. They fill the entire atmosphere of every star and planet in every universe. Their praise to God can be heard by the other angels, by prophets, by saints, and by young children.
Michael is the angel of mercy which is another name for rain in Arabic. He is created from the light of God's attribute al-Rahman, 'the Merciful.' He was never seen smiling after hell was created. He was created before Gabriel.
Archangel Michael is believed to have appeared to Moses as the fire in the burning bush, and to have rescued Daniel from the lions' den. To Christians, he's the angel who informed Mary of her approaching death.
Once upon a time, Gabriel and Michael visited the Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon him. The latter had a toothstick in hand which he immediately handed to Gabriel, the angel who constantly brought him Revelation. Gabriel said: 'O Muhammad! give it to the elder angel.' The Prophet gave it to Michael.
The Prophet said: 'God gave me two celestial assistants to help me deliver my Message: Gabriel and Michael.' He used always to send for Gabriel and Michael concerning matters important to human beings. The caller to prayer (muezzin) in the heavens is Gabriel and the prayer-leader (imam) is Michael. God created a house for Himself in Paradise (al-Bayt al-Ma`mur) to which the angels make pilgrimage every day five times. There, five prayer-services are held and every service is heralded by Gabriel and led by Michael. The angels all come with their lights and ornaments, their jewels and fragrances, chanting and praising God with their heavenly music. Some people on earth, especially children, are able to hear their voices. This sound gives them indescribable pleasure. Every angel chants and praises in a different language without clash or disharmony. All are pleading to God for mercy for human beings and asking Him to elevate the state of people so that they can hear and see these daily ceremonies. To reward the angels for their praise, for the sincerity of their intercession, and to show them the great extent of His mercy, God at every moment showers His mercy on human beings.
Until the time of the Prophet Noah the House of God existed on the face of the earth. People came from all over the world to walk ceremoniously around it the way pilgrims walk around the Ka`ba in Mecca today. When God set His face on sending the flood to drown the entire world, He ordered His angels to transport the Heavenly House up into the fourth heaven. It spands there until now with the angels walking continually around in solemn state. It was transformed into a Palace of Paradise. Its only remnant on earth is the Black Stone in the Holy Kaaba: it used to be white like the Palace it came from but has been clouded over blackened by the sins of mankind. It has been left on earth for the sake of remembrance. All who kiss it, it is as if they are kissing the right hand of God on earth.
In the Catholic Epistle of St. Jude: 'When Michael phe Archangel, disputing with the devil, contended about the body of Moses', etc. St. Jude alludes to an ancient Jewish tradition of a dispute between Michael and Satan over the body of Moses, an account of which is also found in the apocryphal book on the assumption of Moses (Origen, 'De principiis', III, 2, 2). St. Michael concealed the tomb of Moses; Satan, however, by disclosing it, tried to seduce the Jewish people to the sin of hero-worship. St. Michael also guards the body of Eve, according to the 'Revelation of Moses' ('Apocryphal Gospels', etc., ed. A. Walker, Edinburgh, p. 647).
It was from early times the centre of the true cult of the holy angels, particularly of St. Michael. Tradition relates that St. Michael in the earliest ages caused a medicinal spring to spout at Chairotopa near Colossae, where all the sick who bathed there, invoking the Blessed Trinity and St. Michael, were cured.
The Christians of Egypt placed their life-giving river, the Nile under the protection of St. Michael; they adopted the Greek feast and kept it 12 November; on the twelfth of every month they celebrate a special commemoration of the archangel, but 12 June, whan the river commences to rise, they keep as a holiday of obligation the feast of St. Michael 'for the rising of the Nile', euche eis ten symmetron anabasin ton potamion hydaton.
Chief among the angel-princes,appearing as such in the Old Testament books of Enoch and Daniel. In Revelations, it is Michael who leads an army of God's angels against Satan. He is an angel of repentance, mercy, and righteousness, appearing in Islamic, Jewish, and Christian 'angelology'. He is often depicted with a sword...
St. Michael (8 Nov.), Feast day
The Archangel Michael, whose name means 'who is as God', is generally considered to be the foremost of the seven archangels and the leader of the Host of Heaven. He derives originally from the Chaldeans by who he was worshiped as something of a god. He is the chief of the order of virtues, Prince of the presence, angel of repentance, righteousness, mercy and sanctification: also ruler of the 4th Heaven, tutelary sar (angelic prince). He is the prince who defended the Israelites and later, it was claimed, the Christian Church, when as guardian he may be called on (sometimes with Gabriel) to defend church doors against the evil angels. According to the Book of Revelations, Michael and his angels' are described as fighting the dragon and his angels. Hence Michael is often shown fighting or overcoming a dragon armed with spear or sword as God's Warrior.
Michael is the spirit of the planet Mercury, Governor of the North and the element of Earth. He is ruler over Sunday and Thursday. He is the alchemy of motivation, activation and achievement.
Michael's candle colors are orange, white and gold. His color energies are orange, violet, white, crystal, gold, and brown.
Invoke Michael in the North for motivation and empowerment in your work. Call on him to protect you from day to day.